Ever feel like your mind is as cluttered as a messy desk? Multiple tasks and responsibilities clamor for your attention, such as caring for children or elderly parents, worry over relationships or financial issues, coupled with the latest news from always-on technology. It can leave your mind feeling like a scrambled egg.
When your mind gets cluttered like this, you are not just momentarily distracted. Your thoughts jump everywhere, and it can be hard to focus on any one thing for more than a few seconds. Productivity suffers, as well as the ability to make good decisions, and you may be tempted to indulge in unhealthy foods or drinks in an attempt to get some short-term relief.
Consider these 10 easy-to-implement, effective, healthful ways to help declutter, calm, and soothe your mind instead.
So start de-cluttering your mind. Pick one of these tips and incorporate it into your life. Then add others as desired. You will love your newfound sense of calm!
If you are anything like the average smartphone user, you spend about five hours per day on your device. In addition, you skim through work emails on vacation and check your social accounts before bed, poring over articles and double-tapping photos on Instagram. Maybe you aren’t aware of it, but the only time you truly unplug is when you’re asleep at night.
It turns out dependence on technology isn’t great for mental health. According to a 2016 University of Illinois study, mobile device addiction is linked to depression and anxiety—specifically when people use devices for escapism or to fill a void.
Removing stress is an effective way to improve well being, but this becomes difficult when people become addicted to the very source of their anxiety.
The good news? Awareness goes a long way, and there are a number of concrete steps you can take to disconnect in today’s connected world. Implement the following tips to unplug, improve your mental health, and ultimately boost your sense of fulfilment.
1. Leave work at work.
Make a point of relaxing after work hours—especially on weekends and vacations. Rather than treating these times like lighter versions of your actual workday, refrain from checking your work email or accepting calls that aren’t urgent when you’re off the clock.
If you feel your boundaries aren’t respected, gently inform your colleagues that constant connectedness can hinder workplace productivity. The 2016 study “Exhausted But Unable to Disconnect” reveals that it’s not only the time workers spend responding to emails after hours, but also the anticipatory stress, or the expectation of having to respond to after-work emails, that is stressing them out.3
Similarly, if you work from home, try to maintain standard work hours. Keep your clients informed of these hours and avoid returning to projects during your off time. A little self-imposed structure will help you disconnect in a big way.
2. Take a social media detox.
Social media use has been linked to issues such as depression and social isolation. According to Brian Primack, director of the University of Pittsburgh’s Center for Research on Media, Technology and Health, those who reported spending more than two hours a day on social media had double the likelihood of perceived social isolation than people who spent just half an hour per day on social platforms.4
This is why taking a social media detox can work wonders for your mental health. Either limit your use of social media to just once or twice per day or go cold turkey and take a full week off. Regardless of how you structure your break, the numbers are in your favour.
3. Engage in activities without your phone.
Disconnect by taking up device-free activities such as hiking or yoga. Team sports are another compelling option. Know from the start that you are making a conscious decision to use your phone less frequently and get in shape while you unplug.
For an added challenge, the next time you have the urge to look at your phone during what’s supposed to be a relaxing activity, go without your device. Rather than researching recipes online, grab a cookbook and spend a tech-free evening making dinner. Or if you’re meeting friends for drinks, leave your phone in the glove compartment of your car. In order to truly disconnect, you must get used to being without your device.
4. Disconnect with your loved ones.
Have you ever planned a nice night with your family, only to find that everyone is glued to their phone? Rather than banning devices outright, you and your family can agree to disconnect at specific times. This will make it seem like you’re working together rather than monitoring one another’s technology use.
So on dinner next Thursday, request that everyone go without their phone. Or plan a Sunday evening game night during which all devices must be in another room. Disconnect together in order to connect with one another.
5. Put all devices away before bed.
This is a crucial piece of advice. Do not look at your phone, tablet, or computer screen before bed or you risk compromising the quality of your sleep. A pair of Michigan State University studies indicated that smartphone use keeps workers mentally engaged late at night, which can interfere with their productivity the next day.5
Not only that, but the blue light emissions from digital devices can throw your physiological clock out of whack. If you want to disconnect at night, keep your phone in another room for optimal results. No doubt, it will be waiting for you the next morning.
6. Commit to a daily meditation practice.
Pick a time and place and commit to a routine meditation practice. Embrace the quiet environment, even if sitting still proves a challenge. If you can only spare 10 minutes each day, that’s perfectly fine—your mind and body will thank you for the break, no matter how short.
These tips will help you unplug from your devices and disconnect from the chaos of your daily life. Make a point of taking time to unwind each day. In doing so, you will experience less stress and be more productive in the long term.
Submitted by the Metagenics Marketing Team
Specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) are a way to help support the body’s natural ability to resolve physical stress.1 While the body can make SPMs naturally, supplementing with exogenous SPMs may help facilitate the body’s natural resolution process and completion of its response to physical challenges.2,3*
Metagenics, in collaboration with world-renowned leaders in the field of resolution physiology and other SPM experts, set the standard for defining SPM oils based on activity for use in nutraceutical formulas. But where do these SPMs come from?
From the first drop of marine oil through a specialized fractionation protocol and creation of the finished product, Metagenics follows a stringent, patent-pending process to create SPM Active®.
The SPM fractionation process:
SPM Active is developed through an advanced, patent-pending fractionation process which Metagenics exclusively brings to practitioners. SPM Active is a fraction produced from a high-quality marine oil. This fraction contains standardized levels of 17-HDHA and 18-HEPE, which can lead to the formation of resolvins, an important group of SPMs, in the body. The SPM Active fraction has also been shown to be bioactive and support the existing resolution mechanisms of the body.*
While SPMs are sourced from marine lipids, they are not the same as fish oil. In fact, work done during the development of SPM Active shows that fractions, from the same marine oil starting point, behave differently—not all are pro-resolving, and some fractions may have the opposite effect.4 This makes it essential to test and understand the bioactivity of SPM-rich oils.
Additionally, even though EPA and DHA are the precursors of SPMs, they do not have pro-resolving properties of SPMs.1 EPA and DHA require multiple downstream enzymatic conversions to form 17-HDHA and 18-HEPE, which are further converted into specialized pro-resolving mediators.
Meditation Tips for Beginners—Five Powerful Reasons for Starting a Regular Practice of Meditation | Blog
If someone asked what image comes to mind when you hear the word “meditation,” do you picture an exotic scene with monks in saffron robes, sitting silently within temple walls, eyes closed, and faces serene? Although meditation remains a vital part of many cultures’ religious and spiritual practices, here in the West meditation has recently become, for the most part, separated from its roots and embraced as a stand-alone “mind technology” used to achieve better health, both physical and emotional.
Although it’s difficult to know exactly how many people practice meditation on a regular basis, according to a 2012 survey done by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Health, some 18 million U.S. adults practiced meditation in some form, including “…Mantra meditation, Mindfulness meditation, Spiritual meditation, and meditation used as a part of other practices (including yoga, tai chi, and qi gong).”1
A major reason for meditation’s wide acceptance here in North America was the Dalai Lama’s longstanding cooperation with Dr. Richie Davidson, a neuroscientist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who met the Dalai Lama in 1992 and who has conducted scores of scientific studies on Buddhist monks who were experienced meditators. Some of Dr. Davidson’s early research involved flying monks in from Tibet and Nepal to the university, where they underwent various brain scans and other tests while they were meditating.
Dr. Davidson has been interviewed many times about his research, and he never fails to express his amazement at his team’s findings: Experienced meditators could produce long, sustained bursts of gamma wave brain activity, many times at will. These findings had never been seen in an untrained mind and were so unexpected that at first the scientists thought their equipment had malfunctioned!
Once these findings were made public, the doors were wide open for other researchers to look at meditation’s possible benefits on human health. Since then, numerous studies have been done documenting meditation’s beneficial effects on everything from sleep to stress reduction. Many of these studies have used mindfulness, a form of meditation that has become very popular here in the West. The method is deceptively simple:
Step 1: Take a seatSit in a chair, on a meditation cushion, or even on a park bench. Just make sure you are comfortable. If you are in a chair or on a bench, keep both feet flat on the floor or ground. If you are sitting on a meditation cushion, cross your legs comfortably in front of you. Straighten your upper body so you’re not slouching, but don’t become unnaturally stiff. Let your hands rest on top of your thighs. Allow your gaze to drift downward. You don’t have to close your eyes, but if you want to, that’s okay too.
Step 2: Bring your attention to your breathingSimply observe your breathing, the way the air moves through your nose and down into your lungs and then back out as you exhale, the rhythmic rise and fall of your chest or belly. There is no need to try to stop or control your thoughts. You couldn’t, even if you wanted to!
Step 3: Refocus your mindWhen your mind wanders away from your breathing, as it invariably will, gently bring it back and refocus your attention on your breath. No matter how often this happens, just be with it. Don’t fight it or get mad at yourself. It’s all part of the process. You are not doing anything wrong!
Step 4: Pay attentionWhen you are ready, lift your gaze or open your eyes if you had them closed. Take a moment to notice any sounds, then notice how your body feels and any thoughts or emotions you are experiencing.
That’s all there is to it! The practice itself is very simple. It’s doing it consistently that is the work. And it’s this consistent practice where you will see results. When you are first beginning, it’s probably best to meditate for only a few minutes and then gradually work your way up to 45 minutes to an hour.
So now that you know how to get started with mindfulness meditation practice, let’s look at five of the most powerful, scientifically supported benefits you can get from incorporating this practice into your daily life:
1. Meditation can enhance your immune system.A short-duration mindfulness practice of only eight weeks done in an office setting can significantly enhance your immune functioning. The subjects in this 2003 study in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine not only had an increase in immune functioning, but also had changes in their brains associated with positive emotions.2
2. Meditation can help ease physical pain.The number of people suffering from chronic painful conditions is staggering. More than 100 million Americans are reported to have chronic pain, and the usual methods of treatment have their own set of problems. Research shows that mindfulness meditation helps relieve pain.3 Plus, meditation, while pleasant, is nonaddictive!
3. Meditation can increase the grey matter in your brain.This is one instance where going grey is a good thing! Research published in 2005 in the journal Neuroreport showed that regular meditation resulted in thickening in areas of the brain associated with sensory, cognitive, and emotional processing.4
4. Meditation can help you age gracefully.Telomeres are molecular structures located at the end of your chromosomes and are involved in the replication of your DNA as well as insuring the stability of your chromosomes. As you age, your telomeres shorten. This shortening can serve as an early indicator of several age-related diseases.
Stress, poor diet, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and other factors can serve to shorten your telomeres. Conversely, it has been suggested that a healthy diet, not smoking, and physical exercise can maintain or even increase telomere length.
A 2016 study from the journal Mindfulness reviews the evidence that meditation leads to longer telomere length and also serves to strengthen this evidence by comparing the telomere length of experienced meditators to healthy controls who had never meditated. The meditators had significantly longer telomeres than the controls.5
5. Meditation may help ease depression and anxiety and help reduce stress.A 2014 meta-review article in JAMA Internal Medicine concluded that “…evidence suggests that mindfulness meditation programs could help reduce anxiety, depression, and pain in some clinical populations.”6 They recommended that physicians and other clinicians be prepared to speak with their patients about how a meditation program could help to relieve their psychological stress.
There is abundant evidence showing scientific evidence for the health benefits, both physical and emotional, of a regular meditation practice. Almost anyone can do mindfulness meditation, as it requires no special equipment, doesn’t require any particular religious or spiritual orientation, and is simple to do. So take your seat and begin!
Introducing SPM Active
New & Improved
SPM Active New & Improved delivers a greater concentration and dosing size of specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) compared to the previous formula
What has Changed?
Double the concentration of 18-HEPE and 17-HDPA as compared to original SPM Active.
Softgel size is now double that of the original SPM Active.
What are the benefits for your patients?
Greater concentration and dosing size facilitates patient compliance.
Supplementing with SPMs may help facilitate the body's natural resolution process
What hasn't changed?
Why Metagenics SPM Active?
It offers a targeted nutritional approach that is designed to boost the body’s natural capacity to respond to physical stress and promote resolution.
Study in research models suggests that a short-term, high-fat diet may negatively impact natural production of specialized pro-resolving mediators.
Clinical case study results with SPM Active show signiﬁcant improvement in biomarkers of activated immune function, increased quality of life, and reduced interference of symptoms during general activity.
Specialized pro-resolving mediators may help promote resolution of physical stress after an episode of strenuous physical exertion.
Metagenics set the standard for delivering SPMs based on activity for use in nutraceutical formulas in collaboration with world-renowned SPM experts.
Going out tonight? Going on holiday?
Dining out and going on Holiday should be relaxing, but it’s not ALWAYS easy to stick to the Ketogenic Diet.
This guide will help you and your patients to maintain your Keto eating style during the holiday season. Get ready for delicious food anywhere!
1. Being Prepared
2. Your Action Plan During the Meal
3. Drinking Wisely
4. Keto on the Go
5. What to order: Different Types of Cuisine
6. Keto During the Holidays
7. How to Get Back on Track After a Cheat Meal
Golden Fusion is a modern take on the centuries-old golden milk recipe that is both great-tasting and convenient. Golden Fusion features CurQFen - a highly bioavailable form of curcumin with fenugreek, along with grass-fed collagen peptides.
What is Golden Milk?
Popularized across social media, golden milk is a cross-cultural drink originating in Asian countries and consumed for its anti-inflammatory properties and pungent flavour. Also known as “golden milk latte” or “turmeric tea”, golden milk is made with freshly grated or ground turmeric, a pinch of freshly ground pepper, honey or lemon to taste, and hot water, milk, or dairy alternative. The addition of freshly grated or ground ginger adds extra flavour and additional anti-inflammatory characteristics, with cinnamon, cardamom, cloves and nutmeg rounding out the flavour.
Why Golden Fusion?
The Golden Milk: Turmeric
While turmeric is the star of the show with its golden colour and unique flavour, golden milk is a purposefully designed elixir including ingredients that aid in the absorption and delivery of turmeric’s polyphenolic compound, curcumin, the primary curcuminoid found in turmeric. Curcumin is a poorly absorbed compound on its own, but the addition of piperine, the active ingredient in black pepper, increases the absorption by approximately 2,000%. Another well-designed feature of the golden milk beverage involves the use of whole fat milk or added fat (such as coconut milk or oil) to facilitate improved bioavailability of the fat-loving (lipophilic) curcuminoid phenols; leveraging a lipophilic design has been shown to allow for greater bio-accessibility of curcuminoids.
How To Enjoy Golden Fusion:
Mix one scoop with 150ml of hot water or your favourite milk (cow's, coconut, or almond) for a great-tasting and comforting way to supplement your diet with curcumin and collagen peptides.
Frequently Asked Questions...
What’s the Ancient Secret of Golden Milk?
With roots in traditional Chinese and Indian recipes, golden milk dates back thousands of years, and is used within the ancient branch of Indian medicine known as Ayurveda as a nourishing, delicious tonic that supports the mind and body in several ways.
The main ingredient in golden milk is turmeric, which gives it a beautiful yellow colour and healing benefits. Traditionally used to impart colour and flavour to Indian curries, the health benefits of turmeric are well-documented and researched. These include anti-inflammatory properties and support of detoxification, as well as the potential to improve cognitive function, blood sugar balance, joint health, and more.
What is the source is of our golden fusion collagen?
The source is grass-fed bovine collagen.
What is the type of collagen used?
Why does Metagenics list “Predominantly Grass-Fed” Collagen Peptides?
Grass-Fed designation is often desirable because some experts believe that these cows may deliver greater nutritional benefits. However, labeling grass-fed without qualifying with “predominantly” would be is false and misleading. The majority of cows are not exclusively grass-fed because they often eat other food, such as grain, when weather is bad and there is no grass to eat. Many other companies and suppliers do not disclose this information.
We pride ourselves on quality and transparency and will continue to set the standard for clear and accurate labelling.
A ketogenic meal is comprised of approximately 10% of calories coming from healthy carbohydrates such as leafy greens, non-starchy vegetables, and limited amounts of legumes and berries; 20% of calories coming from proteins such as omega-3-rich fish and grass-fed animal protein; and ~70% of calories coming from high-quality fats such as avocado, unsaturated and medium-chain triglyceride oils, nuts and seeds, and coconut.
This 10/20/70 ratio is a guideline for the macro nutrient distribution for a given day, including meals, snacks, and beverages. You may recommend a slightly modified ratio based on your physical activity and personal health goals. The diagram below highlights how the calories provided from carbohydrate, protein, and fat differs between a standard American diet and a typical ketogenic diet.
Here are some healthy Keto options:
1. What is the ketogenic diet?
Low in carbohydrates with moderate protein and high in fat, a ketogenic diet prompts the body to burn fat for energy rather than glucose, which leads to the production of ketone bodies—molecules that can be used as a source of fuel. A typical ketogenic diet consists of ~70% fat, 20% protein, and 10% carbohydrates. Though this can vary slightly depending on the individual, this diet is specifically designed to induce nutritional ketosis.
2. What is ketosis?
When ketone bodies accumulate in the bloodstream (>0.5 mmol/L) due to low glucose availability, they cause a metabolic state called ketosis. The most efficient approach to induce nutritional ketosis is to lower dietary carbohydrate intake while increasing fat intake. This reduction in carbohydrate intake helps the body shift toward a state that promotes the breakdown of fats (from the diet and your body) to produce ketone bodies and enter ketosis.
3. How does the ketogenic diet differ from a paleo diet, Mediterranean, Atkins?
One diet does not fit all—the best diet is the one that you can stick with for long-term. As a lifestyle modification, it should be closely monitored and modified as needed.
4. What is intermittent fasting? How is this beneficial for someone on ketogenic diet?
Intermittent fasting (IF) limits the eating window to just a few hours a day. However, during this window, one simply eats to feel full. This practice allows the body to increase the amount of food intake at one time, and induce adaptive metabolic changes. There are many different variations of intermittent fasting,and many different reasons for doing so. Some people may experience mental clarity and focus as well as using intermittent fasting to get over a plateau.
5. What are ketones? How are they produced?
Ketone bodies production in the liver is a natural process when the body increases the use of fat as the main source of fuel. This occurs during a fasting state and/or prolonged exercise, or when dietary carbohydrates are very low. There are three endogenous ketone bodies. These are acetone, acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate (βHB).
When following a ketogenic diet, your brain, as well as other organs and tissues, depend on ketones as an energy source. Ketones can be measured in the blood, breath and urine, and measuring can be helpful when following a ketogenic diet or program to ensure that the desired level of ketosis is reached and maintained.
6. What is keto-adaptation? How long does it take to adapt?
Keto-adaptation is the process the body goes through during the ketogenic diet as it switches to using fat as an energy source rather than glucose. The length of time varies for individuals, but typically starts a few days after being on a ketogenic diet. Within a week to two weeks, many people report positive effects of keto-adaptation, and studies have shown that signs of keto-adaptation (such as increase in fat oxidation) occur within this time-frame.
7. What are exogenous ketones vs. endogenous ketones? Are there benefits to taking exogenous ketones?
Exogenous ketones are ketone bodies in either mineral or ester forms that can be ingested as a nutritional supplement, producing acute elevations in circulating ketone levels. Nutritional ketosis resulting from adherence to a ketogenic diet is often referred to as endogenous ketosis in contrast to peripheral ketosis induced by supplementation, referred to as exogenous ketosis.
8. Which patients or individuals would be excluded or not advised to follow a ketogenic diet?
While the ketogenic program can benefit a wide array of patients, it may not be suitable for patients with possible inborn metabolic disorders (CPTI or II deficiency; β-oxidation defects [LCAD, MCAD, SCAD]; and pyruvate carboxylase deficiency). Caution should also be used in patients with the following conditions:
Depending on the health goals, the practitioner may recommend a specific time period for the patient to be on the ketogenic diet. There are many people and cultures that go into ketosis and stay there for a long period of time without any negative effects.
10. Can someone just dabble in keto for a few days/weeks? Can they still get benefits?
While there is evidence to support the long-term use of ketogenic diets without serious side effects, there are also benefits to just doing a cyclical ketogenic diet. We encourage patients to stay on the ketogenic program for a period of 6-12 weeks as it takes some time for the body to be “keto-adapted” and for them to start seeing results.
11. During the keto-adaptation process, which noticeable changes are expected and what is the “keto flu”?
During the keto-adaptation process, many people may experience symptoms of the “keto flu”. These symptoms occur because the body, being used to utilizing carbohydrates as main source of energy, is going through a metabolic shift to burn fat instead. Some people describe this as a feeling of withdrawal. Symptoms one may experience include feeling drowsy, achy, nauseous, dizzy, and irritable. Some may even experience cramping, stomach pains, and muscle soreness.
12. How long do these symptoms last?
It varies for the individual, but the keto flu lasts typically a week or less for the average person and not everyone experiences the keto flu. However, below are some anecdotal ways to mitigate symptoms of the keto flu. Increase electrolyte intake, but avoid those electrolyte sports drinks with high sugar.
Ketones can be measured in a variety of ways via a breath meter, urine strips, or a blood meter. The blood meter is the most accurate way to measure the levels of ketones (primarily βHB) in the body. However, this method is more invasive than others, and can also be significantly more expensive. Your healthcare practitioner can advise you on commercially available blood meters to test ketone levels by looking at circulating levels of βHB measured in millimolar (mmol/L) units.
14. What levels should be achieved (millimolars)?
While variable among individuals, βHB ranges >0.5mmol are considered the beginning of the range of nutritional ketosis and a range at which clinical benefits (for example to body weight management) have been described. Work is ongoing to understand the optimal range of circulating ketones for different outcomes.
15. Why is it important to incorporate as we age?
The healthy young brain relies solely on glucose to obtain energy for its functional and structural needs. During healthy aging, brain glucose uptake is 10-15% lower and can be up to 35% lower in certain brain areas in neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s Disease. In contrast, brain uptake of ketones appears to still be normal in the brains of Alzheimer’s disease patients. A common misconception is that the brain can only use glucose. Ketone bodies are the only alternative source of energy for the brain as it cannot utilize free fatty acids (FFAs). Both rodent and human studies have shown increase uptake of ketone bodies by the brain following peripheral infusion of ketones, prolonged fasting, or a ketogenic diet. They observed that up to 70% of brain’s energy demands were provided by ketone bodies available in circulation (blood) and taken up by the brain.
16. Why is it used for weight loss?
Ketogenic diets that are rich in fat and low in carbohydrate induce a decrease in blood sugar and insulin levels. A reduction of circulating insulin levels causes an increase in the metabolism of fatty acids (increased lipolysis-the breakdown of lipids) from adipose tissues for utilization as energy. The liver uses FFA derived from dietary source and release from adipose tissue to oxidize and generate ketone bodies in order to meet the energy demand. Ketone bodies in circulation provide a stable source of fuel for the body and the brain, thereby sparing the need to break down muscle protein into glucose as energy supplies. A ketogenic diet encourages the burning of body fat as fuel, as well as inducing satiety between meals. Additionally, a ketogenic diet may help suppress appetite and reduce cravings.
17. Why is it used to prevent cognitive decline?
With a ketogenic diet, the brain utilizes ketone bodies instead of glucose as its primary fuel source. This switch can help encourage more nerve growth factors and synaptic connections between brain cells, and result in increased mental alertness, sharper focus, and improved cognitive capabilities.
18. Why is it used for diabetes?
Studies have shown that low-carbohydrate diets help support insulin metabolism in the body. This is because the absence of carbohydrates in the diet can reduce circulating insulin concentrations and contribute to glucose control.
19. Will this affect cholesterol? Isn’t this diet is too high in fat for weight loss or CVD patients?
The ketogenic diet, as many diets, can positively influence body weight and cardiometabolic health and potentially improve dyslipidemia. Ketogenic diets are by design high in fat, and the type of fat is an important consideration as is the overall quality of the foods eaten within the diet. In terms of cholesterol levels, although there are studies to show that total cholesterol and total LDL cholesterol may increase on a ketogenic diets, more detailed analysis of cholesterol profile has shown the following:
20. Why do athletes use it?
Low-carbohydrate, high-fat and ketogenic diets are increasingly adopted by athletes for body composition and sports performance enhancements. There is not one diet that fits all or perhaps most. The literature on ketogenic diets in athletes is limited but variable with some studies showing no negative impact and others suggesting that a ketogenic approach may not be ideal. As the science evolves in this area, current thinking is that the health status of the individual athlete and type of exercise (endurance vs high intensity) they are performing is important. For example, a ketogenic approach has been discussed as being beneficial for those participating in endurance activities, or for those who need to increase power-to-weight ratio, however specific studies in these areas are currently lacking.
21. Isn’t glucose needed for energy for workouts?
Carbohydrates only go so far to sustain energy throughout the day, and especially during a workout. In ketosis, your body uses fat as fuel instead of glucose, to provide the brain with a consistent supply of the ketone bodies necessary to sustain physical performance.
22. Isn’t this diet too low in protein for my patients with sarcopenia or who are athletic?
Studies show that low carbohydrate ketogenic diet is effective in body weight reduction without inducing lean body mass loss, preventing the risk of sarcopenia. Consumption of approximately 25–30 grams of high-quality protein per meal maximally is recommended to stimulate muscle protein synthesis and slow sarcopenic muscle loss.
23. Doesn’t the brain need glucose to function?
A common misconception is that the brain can only use glucose. Ketone bodies are the only alternative source of energy for the brain as it cannot utilize FFAs. Both rodent and human studies have shown increase uptake of ketone bodies by the brain following peripheral infusion of ketones, prolonged fasting, or a ketogenic diet. They observed that up to 70% of the brain’s energy demands can be provided by ketone bodies available in circulation (blood) and taken up by the brain.
24. Will insulin resistant patients need to be on this diet the rest of their lives?
Modifying lifestyle behaviour including weight-loss and exercise are considered to be methods in restoring the ability of tissues to properly respond to insulin. Although a ketogenic diet with low carbohydrate intake can effectively improve insulin sensitivity, the duration of diet for which these patients should be on is of healthcare practitioner’s decision. As the patient makes other important diet and lifestyle changes and maintains these healthy behaviours, it may be possible to re-introduce dietary carbohydrates (with a focus on lower glycemic index/load sources) which may be tolerated with improved insulin sensitivity.
25. Isn’t this diet too acidic?
Diabetic ketoacidosis happens when extremely high levels of ketone bodies are presented in the blood (normally > 5 mM). Therefore, the blood can turn more acidic. However, during nutritional ketosis you might experience a small, transient decrease in serum bicarbonate in conjunction with mild ketosis which can be minimized by increasing electrolyte intake. Hence the need for following this dietary approach under the supervision of a healthcare practitioner and for periodic monitoring of biological parameters is recommended.
26. Do I have to restrict calories on the ketogenic diet in order to lose weight or just follow the macronutrient plan? What about if I am not trying to lose weight but just want to follow the keto diet?
A caloric deficit will allow your body to mobilize stored fat deposits for energy utilization. If weight loss is not a goal, there is no need for caloric deficit and you can still get the benefits associated with the keto-adapted state of nutritional ketosis.
27. I can’t recommend this diet because less than 25g of CHO’s would be impossible for my patients to adhere to.
The exact amount of carbohydrate intake to reach nutritional ketosis requires an individual assessment as several parameters need to be taken into account (gender, age, physical activity, insulin sensitivity, among others). Hence, the need for following this dietary approach under the supervision of a healthcare practitioner and for periodic monitoring of biological parameters (see question 19) is recommended. A carbohydrate intake of less than but close to 50 grams per day is acceptable for some individuals to reach a state of nutritional ketosis.
28. How do I count the carbs allowed per day? Are fibre included – do these count towards the total carbs allowed per day?
When following a ketogenic diet, it is important to consider the individual when determining the total amount of carbohydrates per day. Several factors will influence the ‘carb tolerance’ of an individual, such as gender, age, physical activity and insulin sensitivity among others. As a general recommendation, you will want to start with total carbohydrates intake below 50 grams per day. This number can be reassessed after the first two weeks to optimize your individual threshold for carbohydrate intake and maximize the benefits from reaching a state of keto-adaptation.
Please let us know if we can provide any further information
The Amipro | Metagenics Team
Click to set custom HTML